When one thinks of public transit systems in the United States, it is hard to not think of New York City, which has the highest mode share of public transit use in the entire country. The New York City Subway is the largest subway system in the United States when measured by the number of passengers who use it each year (1.7 billion passengers in 2014) and the largest subway system when measured by the number of stations (469 as of September 2015). The New York City Subway is also unique in having 24 hour service at every station and express tracks for much of its length, as very few subways in the world can boast either feature. Originally, the subway was three separate companies, the oldest of which, the privately owned IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit, today's numbered lines and the 42nd Street Shuttle), opened on October 27, 1904. The privately owned BMT (Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit) began service in 1923. The city owned IND (Independent Subway System) began operation in 1932 and in 1940, bought out the IRT and BMT, unifying the previously separate systems. In 1953, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) was established to take over the subway system from the city's Board of Transportation, and in 1968, the NYCTA became a part of the larger Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA). As a result of originally being three different systems, the subway still features quite a bit of variety in terms of subway car and station designs, though the fleet is becoming more standardized as each order of "new technology trains" (NTT) arrives.
New York also has the largest public bus fleet in the United States, with over 5,700 buses currently in service. The fleet has been fully accessible since the 1990s and all non-express bus orders have been for low-floor buses since the early 2000s. The fleet also includes some articulated buses as well as "over the road" coaches for express bus services. The system includes over 300 separate routes. In 2008, "Select Bus Service" was launched. As of 2016, there are 10 select bus corridors in the city. On Select Bus Routes, passengers must pay fares at a kiosk prior to boarding and the specially branded buses for these routes allow for all door boarding.
The New York City region also has two commuter rail networks that are operated by the MTA. Metro-North Railroad operates three lines from Grand Central Station in Manhattan to Poughkeepsie, Wassaic, and New Haven. (Metro-North also has two lines west of the Hudson River, to Port Jervis and Spring Valley, that are operated by New Jersey Transit.) The Long Island Railroad is the country's oldest commuter railroad; it traces its history back to 1834. It is also the only one to provide service 24 hours a day. As of 2016, the LIRR has 11 lines (branches) and 107 stations.
This train does not continue past this station. In order to continue your journey, transfer to one of the trains continuing past this point, or click "BACK" to take the return trip back to Grand Central.
|Active IRT (A Division) Cars|
|R62/R62A Cars||Introduced in the '80s, these cars currently run on the 1, 3, 7, and 42nd Street Shuttle lines.|
|R142 Cars||The R142 is manufactured by Bombardier and operates on the 2, 4 and 5 lines.|
|R142A/R142S Cars||The R142A and R142S are manufactured by Kawasaki and operate on the 4 and 6 lines.
|Retired IRT (A Division) Cars
|These cars, painted crimson red, ran on the IRT for 35 years. Sonme were sunk to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean with the introduction of the R142 and R142A.
|R12/R15/R17||Pictures of the retired IRT stock that makes up part of the Train of Many Colors used on fantrips and often on display at the Transit Museum in Brooklyn|
|Low-Vs||Photos of the IRT's "Lo-V" cars that are almost 100 years old and are still used on fantrips
|Subway Series Cars||To commemorate the 2000 World Series between the New York Yankees and Mets, two trains were wrapped for the occasion.|
|Active BMT/IND (B Division) Cars
|R32||The R32s, nicknamed the Brightliners, were introduced in 1964 and are likely to outlive several car types that were manufactured later.
|R42||The R42 was a slightly modified version of the R40M with differences as subtle as those between an R142 and R142A. The R40M and R42 subway cars appear to be almost identical from the outside when entering a station, most of the easily noticable differences are found on the cars' interiors.|
|R46||These cars, similar to apperance in the R44, do have subtle differences. Like the R44, they were ordered with Automatic Train Operation for ultimate use on the 2nd Avenue Subway which was never used and they are 75 feet long.|
|R68/R68A||These 75 foot long cars can be found on the D, N, Q, and Franklin Shuttle.
|R143||The first 60 foot cars since the R42s are currently on the L and M lines. These cars have CBTC.
|R160A/R160B||This large order of 60 foot cars will result in the retirement of many of the pre-R46 models.
|Retired BMT/IND (B Division) Cars
|R38||The R38s were the first NYC Subway cars to have air conditioning installed when manufactured. The last R38 cars were withdrawn from service on March 18, 2009.|
|R40||The R40 was an attempt to bring a sleek, futuristic look to the NYC Subway car fleet. It's slant nose was so flawed, the R40 contract was modified and the last 100 cars had a flat front and became known as the R40M (M standing for modified).|
|R40M||These cars were purchased to replace the cancelled part of the original R40 contract. These cars are essentially identical to the R40s but lack the slanted front ends. The last R40M cars were withdrawn from service on August 28, 2009.|
|R44||The first 75 foot cars were ordered with Automatic Train Operation for ultimate use on the 2nd Avenue Subway. With the arrival of the R143 and R160, these cars will have run their full revenue lives without ever using this feature.|
|R110B||This was a prototype of the R143|
|Other Retired BMT/IND Rolling Stock||Pictures of the prewar BMT/IND stock at the Transit Museum in Brooklyn and in use on fantrips
|Other Subway Pictures|
|The Infastructure of the NYC Subway||This is what keeps the system running! Photos of the track geometry car, signals, punch boxes, the garbage train, and a snowblower|
|SBK Steeplecab Locomotives||Formerly a work locomotive, the Steeplecab is now used on some fantrips|
|NYC Subway Yards||Where the trains are stored and maintained|
|2001 Folklife Festival||Photos taken at the 2001 Smithsonian Folklife Festival of R33 9056 and Orion VI/HEV 6357 on the National Mall in Washington, DC.|
|ALL Stations||Photos of various stations throughout the system.|
|Damage to the Subways from the World Trade Center Attack||Photos of the BMT Courtlandt Street Station on the N and R lines, photographed from the railfan window of R32 3563 and the enterance to the Rector Street IRT Station on the 1 and 9 lines, on November 16, 2001. Also, an AVI file from an R62A 1 train passing through Courtlandt Street on November 29, 2002.|
NOTE: Rerouted trains are shown within their respective car classes. To see photos of rerouted 1 trains, please go to the R62/R62A page.
|RTS Buses||The backbone of the NYC Bus Fleet|
|Orion V and Orion VI Buses||Currently, there are only Orion Vs and a handful of Orion VIs. The MTA has ordered Orion VIIs, the first ever to be manufactured, but their arrival has been delayed.|
|Orion VII Buses||The first of these buses are CNG powered and are currently in service in Brooklyn and the Bronx.|
|New Flyer D60HF Buses||These 60 foot buses run from the Michael J. Quill and 100th Street depots in Manhattan and the Kingsbridge and Gun Hill depots in the Bronx.|
|New Flyer C40LF Buses||These low floor buses operate on Brooklyn routes and are fueled by compressed natural gas.|
|MCI Coaches||Photos of the MCI coach buses used for express service on many lines|
|Viking Cruisers||The Viking Cruisers run on the X51 between Midtown and Queens|